Independant workers and founds to develop innovation
Well first of all it may be tricky to forecast a shortage in the ICT field, knowing that this domain evolves very very quickly and can take unexpected developments (I m thinking of the mobile apps field which could kill the internet diversity in newspapers competition, by decreasing the number of available sources and only limiting choices to few sources - those provided by the apps).
As for bridging the gap between the need for ICT workers and the supply, I think that the answer revolves around 2 points :
- having an appealing autonomous status for these workers. Indeed lots of young workers in the ICT field are "gifted" and want to manage their carreer on their own : hence their wish to become independent. In my country (France) the government has created 2 main statuses for freelancers : 'auto-entrepreneuriat' (http://www.cci.fr/web/auto-entrepreneur/presentation) and 'portage salarial' (http://www.rh-solutions.com/solutions-portage-salarial,portage-salarial,...).
- encourage innovation, through European financial help to innovative start ups (lots of young people have a project in mind but might be reluctant to develop it unless public funds help them)