ICT clusters in Europe: what should be done?
It is well known that clusters can create an effective innovation ecosystem in which new companies grow together and flourish more than they would do individually, mainly by sharing explicit and tacit knowledge. These clusters are geographically and sectorally concentrated.
"Between 30% and 40% of all employment is in industries that concentrate, or ‘cluster’, regionally."
Clusters have now become a must for R and I policies within the OECD and beyond. But there are challenges: clusters need to be local but competitive on the global market. Secondly, it is very difficult to effectively support clusters by policy, as they tend to grow organically.
What is the role of European policy to support these clusters, balancing the local embeddedness with the global competitiveness?
Should the EU for example focus its action on sharing of best practices, on cross-linking and synergies between clusters?
Post your ideas and vote/comment on the ideas of others.